Former Miss GB model-turned detective, 51, who led investigation into Poppi Worthington's death was unqualified for the job, coroner says after hearing toddler's DNA was found on genitals of her father who was never tried over her death
- Poppi Worthington was 13-months-old when she was found lifeless and bleeding?
- Paul Worthington has escaped prosecution over any involvement in her death
- Comes as a former beauty queen was revealed to be running police investigation
- Detective Inspector Amanda Sadler admitted that she lacked experience for role
- Father has used Coroners Rules to avoid answering 252 questions about Poppi
- In January 2016 a judge ruled that her father had probably sexually assaulted her
- Mr Justice Peter Jackson said 13-month-old suffered 'penetrative sexual assault'?
- He said: 'Only person who could realistically have done this to her was her father'
A former beauty queen running the police investigation into Poppi Worthington’s death admitted she did not know how to deal with the death of a child.
Detective Inspector Amanda Sadler, who was the 1989 Miss Great Britain, had no experience of leading an inquiry into child death, and was not qualified to be a Senior Investigating Officer.
The 51-year-old had also not completed a child death course and had never read basic investigation protocol, an inquest heard.
Basic steps, laid out in ‘black and white’ in a document known as ‘Chapter 13’, were not carried out, Coroner David Roberts said.
Forensic evidence was not sent for testing for months, the bed sheets where Poppi collapsed were not collected and her body was not swabbed for evidence for five days.
The extraordinary admissions were made as the shamed policewoman gave evidence to the inquest into Poppi Worthington’s death on Thursday.
Detective Inspector Amanda Sadler (pictured) had no experience of leading an inquiry into child death, and was not qualified to be a Senior Investigating Officer
A court drawing of Paul Worthington, 49, who sobbed when he was asked if he abused his daughter but refused to say at her inquest
Poppi Worthington died in December 2012 after she collapsed at home at Barrow-in-Furness. In January 2014 a judge ruled that her father probably sexually assaulted her before her death
A family court judge ruled that Paul Worthington sexually assaulted the 13-month-old in their Barrow-in-Furness home hours before she died.
But police bungles meant that the case has never reached court and Worthington, who gave evidence to the inquest, remains a free man.
Mrs Sadler admitted gross incompetence and was demoted to Sergeant, but retired in September 2016.
Yesterday she said: ‘I wasn’t at that time an SIO or trained to that level. I hadn’t undergone any child death training.’
She admitted, under questioning from the Mr Roberts, that she had never read a document called 'Chapter 13’, which lays out the protocol for investigating a child death.
Mr Roberts said: 'Did you read it after you were given the case?’
Mrs Sadler replied: ‘I didn’t read it on the day… I’ve read it since.'
Her supervisor Detective Superintendent Mike Forreste admitted he had never heard of some of the steps laid out in the document, the inquest heard.
He was found to have a case to answer for gross misconduct he retired aged 48 on a full pension before he disciplinary actions could be taken.
She was smuggled out of the back door of the court under police guard to evade police photographers.
It came as Mr Worthington described his daughter as a 'bully' and sobbed as he refused to say why the toddler's DNA was on his genitals before she died.
He was accused of sexually abusing 13-month-old Poppi shortly before her tragic death in 2012 - but he escaped prosecution amid claims of a bungled police investigation.?
Police again helped Worthington (pictured with a hood and scarf over his face), who is?is unlikely to face any criminal action without new evidence, in and out of the inquest today where he refused 252 questions
Worthington left the inquest with his face down in the seats of his car as it emerged he is in witness protection after receiving threats
In particular, a laptop?Mr Worthington used to watch 'adult X-rated' porn in bed on the night Poppi died was never recovered by Cumbria Police and there was no 'proactive' attempts by officers to trace it.
Mr Justice Peter Jackson said last year the toddler suffered 'a penetrative sexual assault' before her sudden death and 'the only person who could realistically have done this to her was her father'.
Giving evidence for a second day today, Poppi's father refused to answer 183 questions by citing 'Rule 22', which allows witnesses at inquests to avoid incriminating themselves. Yesterday he refused 69.
But he did reply to a question about Poppi's personality and said she was a 'lovely bubbly, happy' child, adding: 'She could bully - in her own little way'.?
He was asked specifically why her DNA was on his genitals and why she was bleeding from her bottom. He refused to say, but the inquest heard he had told police it was because he had been to the toilet after trying to help her breathe.
He was also asked if he had sexually abused her or smothered her with a pillow and again refused to answer before he broke down in tears.
Judge on Poppi's injuries: 'The only person who could realistically have done this to her was her father'
Mr Justice Peter Jackson (pictured) ruled Paul Worthington had brutally abused his daughter who died in hospital hours later
Details of what happened to Poppi Worthington?were only revealed for first time in January 2016 with the publication of findings by High Court family judge Mr Justice Peter Jackson.
Poppi died from injuries sustained shortly after her father, who had earlier been watching pornography on his computer, took her into his bed at the family home in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria.
The family court judge ruled Paul Worthington had brutally abused his daughter who died in hospital hours later.
But a catalogue of blunders by police, social workers and medical staff mean that despite the legal ruling Worthington, 49, is unlikely to face any criminal action without new evidence.?
The supermarket worker, denies any wrongdoing.??
In his ruling?Mr Justice Jackson said: 'P [Poppi] suffered injuries causing substantial bleeding from the anus and that she collapsed for no plausible reason. The only explanation for those stubborn facts is that she suffered anal penetration and the only person who could realistically have done this to her was her father.
He added: 'I find that the father perpetrated a penetrative anal assault on P [Poppi], either using his penis or some other unidentified object'.
A statement released by Mr Worthington's lawyers said afterwards': 'Mr Worthington does not accept the findings of the court'.
The ruling was released months after a fresh?inquest was ordered into the death of 13-month-old Poppi.
The decision meant more than two years of official silence over the case would be broken.
Poppi died in December 2012 but the public were told nothing about what happened to her or how social workers and police handled the affair.
There was an initial seven-minute inquest in October 2015 during which Cumbria coroner Ian Smith gave no information about the circumstances leading to the girl's death. It simply found that her death was 'unascertained'.?
Medical staff at Furness General Hospital told the toddler's inquest this week she had arrived in A&E with blood dribbling down her legs and could not be saved.?
Former?Detective Constable Lindsey Bolton was told by Mr Worthington that he no longer had the laptop he used to access pornographic material.?
Mr Worthington told her he had sold the laptop to a man in Millom and he would try to get it back to hand to police for examination.
Miss Hewitt asked her: 'Did that happen? Did Mr Worthington make efforts to retrieve the laptop?'
Ms Bolton replied: 'Not to my knowledge.'
She said she informed her boss, former beauty queen Detective Inspector Amanda Sadler, about the situation before she went on leave.
Later she found out Mr Worthington had not brought the laptop in to police but no one followed the matter up.
Ms Bolton is no longer a serving police officer.?
Throughout the hearing, Mr Worthington refused to answer questions put to him by lawyers.
Kate Stone, representing the mother, asked him about Poppi's health, and taking him through events on the day she died.
All her questions were unanswered by the witness.
Ms Stone continued: 'Do you accept something caused Poppi to bleed before she went into the ambulance?
'Was she bleeding Mr Worthington because you had put something into her?
'Why did you hurt your daughter Mr Worthington?'
The witness shook his head and gave the stock reply he had used before.
He went on to use the same answer to questions put to him about the whereabouts of the laptop on which he said he had been watching pornography, on the night of his daughter's death, which he soon sold and police did not recover.
Over two sessions, two hours on Wednesday afternoon and two hours on Thursday, Mr Worthington replied 252 times with the same answer.
He replied with the same stock answer when questioned about several inconsistencies between his statements and accounts given to police and family courts and what he told paramedics and hospital doctors at different times.
He was also asked about Poppi's DNA being found on his genitals, which he has previously said was by transfer from him holding the child then going to the lavatory at the hospital.
Ms Hewitt asked him whether he was 'aware of the view expressed by at least one pathologist that the findings of the post mortem suggest that there had been penetration of Poppi'.
She continued: 'Can I ask you expressly please. Did you penetrate Poppi at any time?'
She continued: 'Did you at any time place Poppi in a position where her face was pushed into a pillow? Or put your hand or an object over her face?'
Mr Worthington replied again in a quiet voice: 'I refer to my earlier statements, rule 22.'?
Poppi died from the injuries sustained shortly after her father, who had been watching pornography, took her into his bed at the family home in Barrow-in-Furness, in December 2012
Poppi Worthington's father Paul - who has been accused of abusing his daughter was rushed into coroner's court ahead of his evidence at his daughter's inquest yesterday
Poppi's mother, who stormed out of the room yesterday, stayed in the inquest and looked visibly upset as he refused to answer question-after-question to avoid self-incrimination.
Coroner David Roberts completed the questions.
He said: 'Really just one final thing, I'm not going to repeat rule 22, that said my role is to try to establish how Poppi came by her death and that needs to look at the facts and establish all available facts we can.
'Now you are perfectly entitled to rely on your legal right not to answer anything that might incriminate you, there's no inference drawn from that.
Poppi's 'abuser' dad is in witness protection
Poppi Worthington's father is in 'witness protection' paid for by the taxpayer to hide his identity and location, the inquest heard yesterday.
Police are protecting Paul Worthington following online death threats made after a judge said he probably sexually assaulted his daughter before her death.
His barrister Paul Clark told the hearing: 'He has been in a long term position of great vulnerability and risk and as a result has been in a long-term position of witness protection whereby his current appearance and location are not known.
'There are photos of Mr Worthington online but what is not known to the public is currently his location but also his current appearance.'
Yesterday Mr Worthington was bundled into the coroner's court through a back door by officers from Cumbria Police.
The father, who was living in Cumbria when Poppi died, is has gone into hiding in another part of the country.
Witness protection, normally offered to people whose lives are at risk from criminals they give evidence against in court, can cost the taxpayer as much as ￡50,000 a year.
A Cumbria Police spokesman said: 'Cumbria Constabulary this morning assisted in the arrival of Paul Worthington to Kendal County Hall, where he is due to give evidence at an inquest.
'Security arrangements have been in place for Mr Worthington following threats made towards him. To ensure Mr Worthington's safe arrival, a number of police resources were in place.'
The force did not comment on whether Poppi's father is in a formal witness protection scheme.
The comments came during Mr Worthington's application to give evidence to the inquest from behind a screen, known as 'special measures'.
Alison Hewitt, counsel for the inquest, told the hearing: 'Reporting Mr's Worthington's current appearance may, under operational sensitivities, undo work done to date in relation to ongoing arrangements for protection.'
Mr Clark argued that Mr Worthington's life was at risk if members of the public could see his appearance.
'That said, today is an opportunity for you to tell me anything you think may help me understand how Poppi came by her death.
'So I don't want you to leave court thinking you have not had the opportunity to tell me what happened as best you can remember about the facts of those hours.
'It's an opportunity. Is there anything else you would like to tell me?'
Mr Worthington replied: 'No sir.'??
Today he was again bundled into his daughter's inquest at Kendal, Cumbria, by police and used a hood to hide his face amid claims he has had death threats.
He has repeatedly used 'Rule 22' of Britain's Coroners Rules to avoid describing his relationship with Poppi or her mother in case his own evidence was incriminating, the inquest heard.
When asked about sleeping arrangements at the family home and his daughter's morning routine he also said repeatedly: 'I rely on the right not to answer that under rule 22'.
Poppi's mother, who cannot be named, then walked out as he refused to answer what happened in the 24 hours before Poppi died after dodging 69 questions. Hours earlier her QC said she had waited five years for his evidence.
It has emerged that Worthington has been in ￡50,000-a-year 'witness protection' since January 2016 when a judge said he probably abused Poppi, who suffered acute internal injuries before she died.?
Worthington, who denies hurting his daughter, did say that Poppi, said she had a good appetite and was generally 'fit as a fiddle' before her death.
And he admitted he had an on-off relationship including 'sporadic' sex with Poppi's mother who did not like his OCD and the fact he watched too much sport on TV and liked to gamble.?
Earlier Worthington successfully demanded to be hidden from the public behind a screen after claiming he received death threats warning him he faced being 'killed' or 'castrated'.?
Cumbria Constabulary sent a marked patrol car to the front door of Kendal Coroner's Court as a decoy as the unmarked people carrier containing Worthington went to another entrance, witnesses said.?
At least ten police officers were on duty outside the court despite no protesters being in attendance but the force said it was necessary?to ensure his 'safe arrival'.
Inside court his lawyer then asked for permission for Worthington to give evidence from behind a screen after people said he should be 'castrated' or 'killed'.
The lawyer representing Poppi Worthington's mother, who cannot be named, told the coroner: 'We support there should be no screen. She's waited almost five years for this hearing'.?
Paul Clark, representing Mr Worthington, said: 'He has been in a long-term position of great vulnerability and risk and he's been in a long-term position of witness protection, whereby currently his appearance and location is not known.
'There are photos of Mr Worthington online but what is not known to the public is currently his location but also his current appearance.
'In this case it has been apparent throughout that there's a real risk to Mr Worthington's life, and even if not at a risk of death, risk of serious mistreatment and clearly substantial concerns outside these tangible risks and substantial concerns on Mr Worthington's right to private life that has already been jeopardised, very, very substantially indeed.'?
Following legal submissions over several hours Mr Roberts ruled in favour of the press. He directed that Mr Worthington must give evidence in court in view of the press but screened from anyone watching in the public gallery.
HOW THE DETAILS OF LITTLE POPPI'S DEATH REMAINED SECRET FOR YEARS BEFORE HER INQUEST?
December 2012 - Poppi Worthington dies suddenly aged 13 months after she collapses at her home in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria.
February 2013 - Poppi is buried after the coroner releases her body.
June 2013 - A full post-mortem report indicates the cause of death is unascertained.
August 2013 - Poppi's parents are arrested and formally interviewed for the first time. Poppi's father, Paul Worthington, is questioned on suspicion of sexually assaulting his daughter - an allegation he denies.
March 2014 - Fact-finding judgment on the circumstances of Poppi's death is delivered in private as part of family court proceedings involving other children in the family. Its publication is delayed in case it prejudices any criminal trial.
October 2014 - HM Coroner for South Cumbria, Ian Smith, holds an inquest at Barrow Town Hall and takes just seven minutes to declare her death as unexplained after stating he was satisfied to rely on the findings of the private fact-finding judgment. The case is not listed in Poppi's name but as 'a child aged 13 months'.
January 2015 - Senior Coroner for Cumbria, David Roberts, confirms he will ask for a fresh inquest in a written reply to lawyers representing various media organisations who argued the October hearing was insufficient and therefore unlawful.
March 2015 - Cumbria Police announce no charges will be brought against anyone over Poppi's death after they had previously passed a file to the Crown Prosecution Service for its consideration.
April 2015 - Paul Worthington is granted a review of the March 2014 medical evidence, which further delays publication of the original fact-finding judgment.
July 2015 - High Court judges order a fresh inquest into the youngster's death after the first hearing was deemed 'irregular'.
November 2015 - A hearing reviewing the medical evidence from the March 2014 court proceedings gets under way in Liverpool. Ahead of the hearing, Mr Justice Peter Jackson releases parts of his original fact-finding judgment which reveal that Cumbria Police did not conduct any 'real' investigation into Poppi's death for nine months despite a senior pathologist raising concerns the girl's injuries were caused by 'a sexual assault'.
January 18 2016?- Mr Justice Peter Jackson announces his findings from the review hearing and says her bleeding?could only be sensibly explained as the result of penetrative trauma.?
He said the toddler probably suffered 'a penetrative sexual assault' at the hands of her father shortly before her sudden death.?
November 27 2017 - An inquest into her death finally begins - but her father refuses to answer majority of questions in case he is incriminated
Police failed to investigate until eight months later - despite medical experts Poppi had injuries consistent with a sex attack - and her father has not been prosecuted.?
Today Worthington started to give his version of events and he claims he found her lifeless in his bed and had nothing to do with it.
But he then used his right not to answer.?
Defending the number of officers involved in protecting him a Cumbria Constabulary spokesman said: 'Cumbria Constabulary this morning assisted in the arrival of Paul Worthington to Kendal County Hall, where he is due to give evidence at an inquest.
'Security arrangements have been in place for Mr Worthington following threats made towards him.
'To ensure Mr Worthington's safe arrival, a number of police resources were in place.'
Yesterday consultant paediatrician Dr Osama Braima described how he fought to resuscitate Poppi for 57 minutes at Furness General Hospital before she was pronounced dead.
He noticed she was 'pouring' fresh blood after she died, she told the inquest.
He said: 'I thought there was something wrong inside the child and I was not comfortable. I was suspicious.'
He alerted Children's Services and examined her body again five hours later at 11am in the children's ward.
He said Poppi was still bleeding fresh blood, which he found to be 'unusual'.
The doctor said Poppi's death was unexplained and it has played on his mind.
'It has stuck with me as quite significant,' he said. I have never seen an incident of this kind to any child in my career.'
Poppi arrived by ambulance to hospital shortly after 6am on 12 December 2012.?
Her First Aid trained father Paul, a former ASDA night shift worker, was in the back with her helping a paramedic perform CPR on the toddler.
Nurse Sarah McQuiston ran into the back scooped Poppi into her arms before rushing her into A&E.
She noticed Poppi was floppy, cold and blue and was bleeding bright red blood.
'Blood was dribbling down her legs. She had no nappy on,' Miss McQuiston told Kendal Coroner's Court.
She said Poppi's stomach was distended, bloated. 'You could see it was quite tight, hard, a bit like a pregnant tummy,' she said.?
Left: Nurse Sarah McQuiston, pictured today, told Kendal Coroner's court that blood was dribbling down the child's legs. Right: Tracy Anne Worthington, the aunt of Poppi and Paul Worthington's sister, pictured arriving at the court yesterday
Poppi Worthington's father Paul Worthington leaves Liverpool Civil and Family Courts after a hearing into the death of the 13-month-old in December 2012
Flowers laid at Poppi's grave. An Independent Police Complaints Commission report in March 2017 concluded that senior detectives probing Poppi's death were 'unstructured and disorganised'
THE 12 BASIC ERRORS IN THE INITIAL POLICE INVESTIGATION?
1) Items at the hospital Poppi was taken to were not preserved for forensic analysis
2) Items at the family home were not preserved for forensic analysis
3) The scene at the family home was not secured, with Poppi's last nappy being lost despite the presence of police officers
4) The detective inspector and another officer not visiting the home. According to national protocol, a senior officer should immediately attend the home to take charge of the investigation and ensure that evidence is intelligently preserved
5) No reconstruction with the parents at home so that their accounts could be understood and investigations focused
6) No forensic medical examination at the time of death. Swabs were not taken until post-mortem despite delays meaning forensic analysis can be prejudiced
7) No engagement of a paediatrician with specialist knowledge of investigating sexual abuse for there to be a physical examination of the child, a viewing of the home and a report for the pathologist
8) Dr Armour's initial views were not clearly passed on to the local authority for safeguarding purposes
9) The parents were not formally interviewed until August 2013
10) Neither parent's mobile telephone or Facebook accounts were analysed
11) Samples were not sent for analysis until after receipt of Dr Armour's full report
12) No statements taken from any witnesses (paramedics, nurses, doctors, family members) until September 2013.
Clinical support worker Kelly Viceroy-Grieve liaised with Paul and Poppi's in the hospital Relatives Room.
Paul has arrived in the ambulance dressed in just a blue t shirt and jeans. He had no coat and had no shoes or socks on, though he had brought them with him.
Miss Viceroy-Grieve said that Paul had told her that he had been still in his boxer shorts when the paramedic had arrived at their family home, in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria.
Mother, who cannot be identified for legal reasons, arrived separately to Paul.
'She was distraught, anxious, crying. She was talking more to Poppi's dad, asking him questions 'what's happened? Is she still alive?',' said Miss Viceroy-Grieve.
She said Paul told her what had happened with Poppi.?
She stated that he said: 'She had woken up in her cot crying, so he put her into bed with him. He tried to give Poppi her dummy but she wouldn't have it.
'Poppi was making a face like she needed a poo, so he put his fingers on each side of her nappy to try to get the nappy from her bottom, so that she could try and push out with ease. He put two fingers on the side of her nappy so she could have a poo easily.'?
He explained that he went downstairs to get a nappy.
'Paul said he went back upstairs to see Poppi and she was asleep and so he got back into bed with Poppi,' Miss Viceroy-Grieve told Kendal Coroner's Court.
He also added: 'I don't know why but I looked over to Poppi and touched her arm and it was lifeless.'
Earlier the inquest, which began on Monday, heard a harrowing 999 call from the girl's mother, who cannot be named for legal reasons, as her daughter lay dying.
This fresh inquest was ordered by the High Court after the controversial first hearing in 2014, held by a different coroner, was shrouded in secrecy with Poppi listed as 'a child aged 13 months'.
Shortly before 6am on the day of her death, Mr Worthington, who had put Poppi in his bed with him, went downstairs with her lifeless body and emergency services were called.
Little over an hour later, at 7.07am, Poppi was pronounced dead at Furness General Hospital, just a day after she had taken her first two steps.
Poppi's mother was frequently visibly distressed as she gave evidence earlier this week, describing her relationship with the toddler's father as 'up and down'.
She described her daughter as 'very alive, bubbly'.
'You knew she was there, there was no missing her,' she said.
The inquest continues.
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